10 Sep 2021
Advising an affiliated entity of a major Latvian bank on the purchase of one Embraer EMB-135BJ (Legacy 650) aircraft
26 Jul 2011
On July 20, 2011, Directive 2009/48/EC on the Safety of Toys, which repeals Directive 88/368/EEC on toy safety rules, entered into force in the European Union. The Directive provides a common standard for the safety of toys and their free movement throughout the European Community.
The new Directive 2009/48/EC on the Safety of Toys is a significant overhaul of the Directive 88/368/EEC and the main changes are the following:
The Directive defines toys as "products designed or intended, whether or not exclusively, for use in play by children under 14 years of age." This definition does not include the following toys: playground equipment for public use, toy vehicles equipped with combustion engines, toy steam engines, automatic playing machines intended for public use, and slings and catapults. Moreover, products listed in Annex I of the Directive shall not be considered as toys within the meaning of the Directive. The regulations shall apply to all toys that fall within the definition, whether they are new or used and whether they are sold or given away.
Manufacturers are obliged to ensure that toys placed on the market are designed and manufactured according to requirements set out in the Directive, especially those contained in Article 10 and Annex II, or must be type tested by a notified body in order to demonstrate that they comply with the essential requirements of the Directive. Thus, prior to market placement of new toys, manufacturers are required to carry out safety assessment procedures and conduct an assessment of the toys' conformity to Directive requirements in order to ensure that the toys meet the general safety requirements.
Additionally, the directive requires that the manufacturer should do the following:
Furthermore, the Directive establishes that if an importer or distributor places a toy on the market under its name or trademark or modifies a toy already placed on the market in such a way that compliance with the applicable requirements may be affected, an importer or distributor shall be considered as a manufacturer and be subject to the obligations of the manufacturer for the purposes of the Directive. For more information please see: eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do
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